Experimental Mixes to Minimize Rutting

Report No: 90-R21

Published in 1990

About the report:

This report describes the materials and construction details involved in the design and placement of four experimental mixes on I-95 (Richmond- Petersburg Turnpike) in 1985 and follows the performance for 48 months. The mixes were designed to resist rutting and to provide several years of service before failing from fatigue or the intrusion of water. The results indicate that the gradation chosen is more important in minimizing rutting than are the asphalt cement-additive combinations used. However, some strength tests point to the value of using an AC-30 asphalt cement as opposed to an AC-20 asphalt cement. Controlling traffic for a sufficient time to allow the pavement to cool to a temperature at which traffic will not prolong the compaction process is critical. The minor rutting that has occurred was attributed primarily to consolidation. Ruts on one test section that averaged almost 1/4 in apparently resulted from a low voids in mineral aggregate of the mix used on that section.

Disclaimer Statement:The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.


  • Charles S. Hughes, P.E.

Last updated: December 27, 2023

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