Effectiveness of Antistripping Additives in the Field

Report No: 96-R5

Published in 1995

About the report:

Stripping has long been recognized as a cause of asphalt pavement damage. Water may get between the asphalt film and the aggregate surface, causing an adhesive failure, or water may combine with the asphalt to affect the cohesive strength of the material. Various types of antistripping additives have been used in the attempt to alleviate or eliminate stripping. The Virginia Department of Transportation has used antistripping additives in some of its asphalt mixes since the 1960's. In the 1980's hydrated lime was found to outperform several chemical additives. VDOT began to require asphalt contractors to use chemical additives that produced test results equal or superior to hydrated lime. Presumably, chemical additives were then improved to compete with hydrated lime. This study was undertaken to find if the new generation of additives prevented stripping in Virginia's hot mix asphalt. Twelve test sections were established, 9 using chemical additives and 3 containing hydrated lime. After 3 to 4 years, eight of the sections containing chemical additive demonstrated considerable visual stripping in cores. The sections containing hydrated lime showed much less stripping. The TSR test used on mix sampled during construction did not accurately predict the stripping that occurred. A follow-up survey of existing pavements should be conducted to verify the possible inadequacy of some chemical additives. Also, the TSR test should be examined and possibly modified to more closely duplicate Virginia's environmental conditions.

Disclaimer Statement:The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.

Authors

Other Authors

G. W. Maupin, Jr., P.E.

Last updated: December 17, 2023

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