Evaluation of Parking Management Strategies for Urban Areas: Final Report

Report No: 81-R9

Published in 1980

About the report:

The state of the art of parking management in urban areas in the United States was established using an extensive review of the literature and a nationwide questionnaire survey that was distributed to 458 city officials, 173 of whom responded. Based on the information thus obtained, key elements of parking management were identified including groups affected and impacts of parking, descriptions of various strategies, the need for management, and problems encountered with implementing parking controls. A detailed evaluation of 17 strategies and 9 support measures was performed, and a practical set of guidelines that can be used by planners and traffic engineers for selecting and evaluating parking management measures was developed. A list of reference materials was provided to aid transportation engineers locate additional information sources. It was concluded that parking management strategies are not being used on an areawide basis; however, several measures, including residential parking permit programs, in-lieu parking regulations, and park and ride lots, provide potential benefits for most urban areas. Field evaluations of parking strategies are needed to determine the effectiveness of these measures and to promote their use in transportation plans.

Disclaimer Statement:The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.


  • Martin R. Parker, Michael J. Demetsky, Ph.D.

Last updated: January 22, 2024

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