Semiannual Versus Annual Motor Vehicle Inspection: An Evaluation of the Literature and a Benefit-cost Analysis

Report No: 78-R36

Published in 1978

About the report:

The purpose of this report is to provide information comparing semiannual motor vehicle inspection systems with annual inspection systems. A review of the literature dealing with the similarities and differences between semiannual and annual programs was conducted. Some of the reports reviewed investigated the causes of motor vehicle accidents, while others examined the effect of periodic motor vehicle inspection on the mechanical condition of vehicles or vehicle accident rates. Also included were studies which examined the influence of age and mileage factors on the condition of vehicles. Generally, the literature supports an inspection system based on age and mileage factors. On the basis of the literature reviewed, a benefit-cost analysis comparing Virginia's semiannual inspection program with a theoretical annual inspection program was performed. The results showed that the annual program is more cost-beneficial, although semi-annual programs may also return benefits in excess of costs to the public.

Disclaimer Statement:The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.


Other Authors

John J. Abbene

Last updated: January 27, 2024

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