Alternatives to Type II Cement: Part I, Preliminary Laboratory Studies

Report No: 77-R38

Published in 1977

About the report:

In this study concrete mixtures incorporating fly ash are being investigated as possible alternatives to mixtures utilizing Type II cements. The mixture characteristics being considered are strength, resistance to freezing and thawing and sulfates, heat of hydration, and volume stability. Control mixtures are made of Types I, II, and III cements. In the experimental mixtures, Type IP cement---a blend of ordinary cement and fly ash--and Type I cement with fly ash as an admixture were used. This report gives the results of initial tests for compressive and flexural strengths, resistance to rapid freezing and thawing, early volume change, time of set, and heat of hydration. Long-term strength data and information on sulfate and scaling resistance and drying shrinkage will be presented in the final report, with recommendations from the study.

Disclaimer Statement:The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.

Last updated: January 28, 2024

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