Planning Criteria for Express Bus-Fringe Parking Operations: Volume I of Express Bus-Fringe Parking Planning Methodology

Report No: 75-R64

Published in 1975

About the report:

Tripmaker reactions to two recent express bus-fringe parking operations in Richmond and Norfolk-Virginia Beach Virginia are examined. This travel behavior's interpreted to establish planning and design guidelines for locating and designing fringe lots and establishing operational policy for associated bus services. A market area for each service is defined in view of residential accessibility to the terminal. The primary improvements to the service that were suggested by automobile travelers who were surveyed related to the level of service provided; specific improvements here included expansion of the service area and hours of operation. The transit riders cited comfort and system design features for upgrading the service to their standards as their primary recommendations.

Disclaimer Statement:The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.


  • Robert P. Cleveland, Michael J. Demetsky, Ph.D.

Last updated: February 5, 2024

Alert Icon

Please note that this file is not ADA compliant. Choose one of below options: