The Behavior of Integral Abutment Bridges

Report No: 00-CR3

Published in 1999

About the report:

This report presents findings of a literature review, a field trip, and a finite element analysis pertaining to integral bridges. The purpose of the report is to identify problems and uncertainties, and to gain insight into the interactions between the foundation piles, the integral abutment, and the surrounding ground. The field trip included visits to six bridges arranged by Mr. Park Thompson from the Staunton district. Pertinent literature is reviewed, and findings are presented. Important factors identified on the basis of this review are settlement of the approach fill, loads on the abutment piles, the nature of the abutment displacements and the associated earth pressure distribution, secondary loads on the superstructure, and soil structure interaction effects. The causes of approach fill settlement and possible mitigation techniques are discussed. Recommendations for improving the performance of integral bridges are included, and actions for improvement of integral bridge behavior are suggested. 

Disclaimer Statement:The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.


Other Authors

 Sami Arsoy, R. M. Barker, J. M. Duncan

Last updated: December 11, 2023

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